Bureau of Labor Statistics

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bureau of Labor Statistics logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed June 27, 1884; 134 years ago (1884-06-27)
Jurisdiction Federal government of the United States
Headquarters Postal Square Building
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Employees 2,500[1]
Annual budget $609 million[2]
Agency executives
  • William J. Wiatrowski (Acting), Commissioner[3]
  • William J. Wiatrowski, Deputy Commissioner[4][3]
Website www.bls.gov

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor. It is the principal fact-finding agency for the U.S. government in the broad field of labor economics and statistics and serves as a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System. The BLS is a governmental statistical agency that collects, processes, analyzes, and disseminates essential statistical data to the American public, the U.S. Congress, other Federal agencies, State and local governments, business, and labor representatives. The BLS also serves as a statistical resource to the United States Department of Labor, and conducts research into how much families need to earn to be able to enjoy a decent standard of living.[5]

The BLS data must satisfy a number of criteria, including relevance to current social and economic issues, timeliness in reflecting today’s rapidly changing economic conditions, accuracy and consistently high statistical quality, impartiality in both subject matter and presentation, and accessibility to all. To avoid the appearance of partiality, the dates of major data releases are scheduled more than a year in advance, in coordination with the Office of Management and Budget.[6]


  • 1 History
  • 2 Statistical reporting

    • 2.1 Prices
    • 2.2 Employment and unemployment
    • 2.3 Compensation and working conditions
    • 2.4 Productivity
  • 3 Statistical regions
  • 4 See also
  • 5 Footnotes
  • 6 Further reading
  • 7 External links


The Bureau of Labor was established in the Department of the Interior by the Bureau of Labor Act (23 Stat. 60), June 27, 1884, to collect information about employment and labor. It followed the hearings led by Henry W. Blair of the Committee of the Senate upon the relations between Labor and Capital.[7]Carroll D. Wright was the first U.S. Commissioner of Labor. It became an independent (sub-Cabinet) department by the Department of Labor Act (25 Stat. 182), June 13, 1888. It was incorporated, as the Bureau of Labor, into the Department of Commerce and Labor by the Department of Commerce Act (32 Stat. 827), February 14, 1903. Finally, it was transferred to the Department of Labor in 1913 where it resides today.[8][9] The BLS is now headquartered in the Postal Square Building near the United States Capitol and Union Station.

Since 1915, the BLS has published a journal, the Monthly Labor Review, with articles about the data and methodologies of labor statistics.

The BLS is headed by a commissioner who serves a four-year term from the date he or she takes office. The most recent Commissioner of Labor Statistics was Erica Groshen, who was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on January 2, 2013 and sworn in as the 14th Commissioner of Labor Statistics on January 29, 2013, for a term that ended on January 27, 2017.[10][11] William Wiatrowski, Deputy Commissioner of the BLS, is serving as Acting Commissioner until the next commissioner is sworn in. William Beach has been nominated for the position.[12][13]

Statistical reporting

Statistics published by the BLS fall into four main categories:[14]


  • U.S. Consumer Price Index
  • Producer Price Index
  • U.S. Import and Export Price Indices
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey

Employment and unemployment

Unemployment measurements by the BLS from 1950 to 2010

  • Current Population Survey (The “Household Survey”)

    • The American Time Use Survey[15]
  • Current Employment Statistics[16] (The “Establishment Survey”)
    • Payroll Employment
    • Economic geography
    • Salary Data
  • Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)[17]
    • List of U.S. states by unemployment rate
  • Current Employment Statistics State and Area program[18]
  • The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)[19]
  • The Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW)[20]
  • The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) program[21]
  • Ten year occupational employment projections
  • Occupational Employment Statistics (OES)
  • Mass Layoff Statistics–discontinued in 2013[22]

Compensation and working conditions

  • National Compensation Survey

    • Employment Cost Index
  • Workplace Injury and Fatality Statistics[23]


  • Labor productivity, aggregate and by industry[24]
  • Multifactor productivity

Statistical regions

Data produced by the BLS is often categorized into groups of states known as Census Regions. There are 4 Census Regions, which are further categorized by Census Division as follows:

Northeast Region

  • New England Division: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
  • Middle Atlantic Division: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

South Region

  • South Atlantic Division: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.
  • East South Central Division: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.
  • West South Central Division: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

Midwest Region

  • East North Central Division: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.
  • West North Central Division: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

West Region

  • Mountain Division: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.
  • Pacific Division: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

See also

  • Alternative employment arrangements
  • Bureau of Economic Analysis
  • Career Guide to Industries
  • Data.gov
  • Economic reports
  • Index of Leading Indicators
  • Job Creation Index
  • Monthly Labor Review
  • National Income and Product Accounts
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • U.S. Census Bureau
  • USAFacts


  1. ^ “What BLS Does”. Bureau of Labor Statistics. February 9, 2009. Archived from the original on May 8, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2011..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ “BLS 2016 Operating Plan”. US Department of Labor. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-03-01. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  3. ^ ab “Bureau of Labor Statistics: Senior Staff”. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2017-01-30. Archived from the original on 2017-02-23. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  4. ^ “William J. Wiatrowski, Deputy Commissioner”. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2017-01-30. Archived from the original on 2017-02-23. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  5. ^ “Archived copy” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-06-11. Retrieved 2013-12-22.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Cohen, Patricia (2016-11-03). “How Economic Data Is Kept Politics-Free”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 2017-03-11. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
  7. ^ GB McKinney, Henry W. Blair’s Campaign to Reform America: From the Civil War to the U.S (2012) 110-111
  8. ^ “Records of the Bureau of Labor Statistics [BLS]”. National Archives. 2016-08-15. Archived from the original on 2017-02-24. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
  9. ^ “Overview : U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics”. www.bls.gov. Archived from the original on 2017-02-23. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
  10. ^ Presidential Nominations, 112th Congress (011 – 2012), PN1404-112 Archived 2016-01-02 at the Wayback Machine, Library of Congress, thomas.loc.gov
  11. ^ Senate Confirms Erica Groshen to Head Bureau of Labor Statistics Archived 2017-09-04 at the Wayback Machine, by Jeffrey Sparshott at Wall Street Journal]
  12. ^ President Donald J. Trump Announces Key Additions to his Administration, whitehouse.gov, 17 Oct 2017
  13. ^ Nomination – William Beach — Department of Labor, 16 Jan 2019
  14. ^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 2017-02-23. Retrieved 2017-02-23.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ “American Time Use Survey”. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Archived from the original on 2017-02-23.
  16. ^ “Current Employment Statistics”. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Archived from the original on 2017-02-23.
  17. ^ “Local Area Unemployment Statistics”. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Archived from the original on 2017-09-08.
  18. ^ “Employment, Hours, and Earnings from the Current Employment Statistics survey (State & Metro Area) Home Page”. Bls.gov. 2012-05-30. Archived from the original on 2012-06-15. Retrieved 2012-06-22.
  19. ^ “Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey Home Page”. Bls.gov. Archived from the original on 2012-06-16. Retrieved 2012-06-22.
  20. ^ “Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages”. Bls.gov. 2012-03-28. Archived from the original on 2012-06-10. Retrieved 2012-06-22.
  21. ^ “Business Employment Dynamics Home Page”. Bls.gov. 2012-05-01. Archived from the original on 2012-10-15. Retrieved 2012-06-22.
  22. ^ “Mass Layoff Statistics Home Page”. Bls.gov. 2012-05-16. Archived from the original on 2017-02-23. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  23. ^ “Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities”. Bls.gov. Archived from the original on 2012-06-26. Retrieved 2012-06-22.
  24. ^ “Overview of BLS Productivity Statistics”. Bls.gov. Archived from the original on 2012-06-25. Retrieved 2012-06-22.

Further reading

  • Joseph P. Goldberg and William T. Moye, The First 100 Years of the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bulletin No. 2235. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1985.
  • William J. Wiatrowski, “BLS at 125: Using historic principles to track the 21st-century economy”. Monthly Labor Review, June 2009, pp. 3–25.

External links

  • Official website
  • Records of the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the National Archives (Record Group 257)
  • Bureau of Labor Statistics in the Federal Register
  • Publications of the BLS available on FRASER
  • Bulletins of the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, dating back to 1895
  • Local Area Unemployment Reports

National Center for Education Statistics

National Center for Education Statistics
National Center for Education Statistics logo (USA).png
Agency overview
Formed 1867; 152 years ago (1867)
Jurisdiction Federal government of the United States
Headquarters Potomac Center Plaza, 550 12th St, SW
Washington, D.C., U.S. 20024
38°54′9.1″N 77°2′41.2″W / 38.902528°N 77.044778°W / 38.902528; -77.044778
Employees 110
Agency executive
  • James L. Woodworth, Commissioner
Parent agency Institute of Education Sciences
Website National Center for Education Statistics

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is the part of the United States Department of Education’s Institute of Education Sciences (IES) that collects, analyzes, and publishes statistics on education and public school district finance information in the United States. It also conducts international comparisons of education statistics and provides leadership in developing and promoting the use of standardized terminology and definitions for the collection of those statistics. NCES is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System.


  • 1 History
  • 2 Organizational structure

    • 2.1 Office of the Commissioner
    • 2.2 Administrative Data Division (ADD)
    • 2.3 Assessment Division (AD)
    • 2.4 Sample Surveys Division (SSD)
    • 2.5 Annual Reports and Information Staff (ARIS)
  • 3 Current programs of research

    • 3.1 Assessment programs
    • 3.2 Early childhood studies
    • 3.3 Elementary and secondary studies
    • 3.4 Postsecondary studies
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

    • 5.1 Websites for students and families
    • 5.2 Postsecondary data tools
    • 5.3 International data tools
    • 5.4 Other NCES resources


Education in the United States
  • By state and in insular areas
  • By subject area
  • History of
  • Issues: Finance – Law – Literacy – Reform
  • Levels: Pre-kindergarten – Primary – Secondary – Higher
  • Organizations
Diploma icon.png Education portal
Flag of the United States.svg United States portal

The functions of NCES have existed in some form since 1867, when Congress passed legislation providing “That there shall be established at the City of Washington, a department of education, for the purpose of collecting such statistics and facts as shall show the condition and progress of education in the several States and Territories, and of diffusing such information respecting the organization and management of schools and school systems, and methods of teaching, as shall aid the people of the United States in the establishment and maintenance of efficient school systems, and otherwise promote the cause of education throughout the country.”[1]

Organizational structure

The National Center for Education Statistics fulfills a Congressional mandate to collect, collate, analyze, and report complete statistics on the condition of American education; conduct and publish reports; and review and report on education activities internationally. The structure and activities of the center are as follows:[2]

Office of the Commissioner

The Office of the Commissioner sets policy and standards for the center and oversees its operation, thus ensuring that statistical quality and confidentiality are maintained.

Administrative Data Division (ADD)

Administrative Data Division (ADD) oversees planning, design, operations, statistical analysis, reporting, and dissemination of administrative records data at the elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education levels, and on libraries.

Assessment Division (AD)

Assessment Division (AD) creates, designs, develops, implements and reports on the National Assessment of Educational Progress at the national level and coordinates assessment and related data collection activities with the states. The staff also conducts a variety of other related education assessment studies.

Sample Surveys Division (SSD)

Sample Surveys Division (SSD) oversees, planning design, operations, statistical analysis reporting, and dissemination of data from sample surveys at all levels of education, including early childhood and adult, and international data. Surveys on vocational and technical education are also included in this division.

High School & Beyond (Hs&B) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_School_and_Beyond

Annual Reports and Information Staff (ARIS)

The Annual Reports and Information Staff (ARIS) prepares analyses that synthesize data on a variety of education topics, and disseminates these analyses through indicator reports, tabular reports, and web tools.

Current publications by ARIS include:

  • Condition of Education, an annual report mandated by Congress
  • Digest of Education Statistics, a compilation of statistical tables covering all levels of education
  • Projections of Education Statistics, a report which provides projections for key education statistics
  • Indicators of School Crime and Safety, a report that covers topics on crime and safety in elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education
  • Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups, a report that profiles current conditions and recent trends in the education of students by racial and ethnic group
  • Trends in High School Dropout and Completion Rates in the United States, an annual report that provides trends in high school dropout and completion rates

Current programs of research

Assessment programs

  • The National Assessment of Educational Progress, a nationwide assessment of achievement among primary and secondary students
  • The National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), a large study performed roughly every decade since 1992
  • The International Assessments Activities (IAA) coordinates the participation of U.S. adults, students, teachers, principals, and schools in various international studies

Early childhood studies

  • The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS)
  • Components of the National Household Education Survey (NHES)

Elementary and secondary studies

  • The Beginning Teacher Longitudinal Study (BTLS), a study of a cohort of beginning public school teachers initially interviewed as part of the 2007-08 Schools and Staffing Survey
  • The Common Core of Data which annually collects fiscal and non-fiscal data about all public schools, public school districts and state education agencies in the United States
  • The School Survey on Crime and Safety
  • The National Education Longitudinal Study of 1998 (NELS:88), which began with an 8th grade cohort in 1988, providing trend data about critical transitions experienced by young people as they develop, attend school, and embark on their careers
  • The Middle Grades Longitudinal Study of 2017-18 (MGLS:2017), the first longitudinal study of a nationally representative cohort of grade 6 students in the United States
  • The Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS), a longitudinal survey that monitors the transitions of a national sample of tenth graders in 2002 to postsecondary education and the world of work
  • The High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HSLS), which follows a cohort of more than 25,000 9th graders in 2009 through their high school, postsecondary, and early career experiences, focusing on college decision-making and on math learning based on a new algebra assessment
  • The Private School Universe Survey (PSS), which builds an accurate and complete list of private schools to serve as a sampling frame for NCES sample surveys of private schools and to report data on the total number of private schools, teachers, and students in the survey universe
  • Components of the National Household Education Survey (NHES)
  • The Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), which collects extensive data on American public and private elementary and secondary schools. Teachers, principals, schools, school districts and library media centers. SASS has been replaced by the National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS).

Postsecondary studies

  • The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), which collects aggregate institutional data on more than 7,000 postsecondary institutions that participate in Title IV federal student aid programs
  • The National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS), a nationally representative cross-sectional study of how students and families pay for college
  • The Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS), a nationally representative longitudinal study that follows first-time, beginning students for six years after their entry to college and provides information about students’ persistence and attainment outcomes
  • The Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study (B&B), a nationally representative longitudinal study that follows baccalaureate graduates for up to ten years, collecting information on their early labor market experiences and post-baccalaureate training and education


  1. ^ 120 Years of American Education: A Statistical Portrait, National Center for Education Statistics, 1993, pg. 1
  2. ^ NCES: About US, National Center for Education Statistics

External links

  • Official website
  • Institute for Education Sciences

Websites for students and families

  • Kids’ Zone, which helps kids learn about schools; find a public library; and engage in games, quizzes and skill building about math and related disciplines
  • College Navigator, which helps students and their families learn about and compare colleges and universities
  • Find a Public Elementary/Secondary School
  • Find a Private Elementary/Secondary School
  • Find a Public School District
  • Elementary and Secondary Information System, where one can create tables and datasets of public and private, elementary and secondary, schools and school districts
  • NAEP Data Explorer, where one can build tables from education assessment data
  • School District Demographics System, where one can access school district demographic and geographic data

Postsecondary data tools

  • Datalab, NCES’s web-based tool for postsecondary sample survey data
  • IPEDS Data Center, NCES’s web-based tool for analyzing IPEDS data

International data tools

  • International Data Explorer, for accessing international education data

Other NCES resources

  • NCES Handbook of Survey Methods, which describes each survey program in NCES and how program data are obtained and prepared for publication and/or release
  • NCES Statistical Standards, which outline the standards used by NCES staff and contractors as surveys are designed, data collected and processed, and publications authored

United States Census Bureau

Bureau of the Census
Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
United States Census Bureau Wordmark.svg
Agency overview
Formed July 1, 1902; 116 years ago (1902-07-01)
Preceding agency
  • Temporary census offices
Headquarters Suitland, Maryland, U.S.
Employees 4,285 (2018)
Annual budget US$1.5 billion (2017)
US$1.5 billion (2018)
US$3.8 billion (est. 2019)
Agency executives
  • Ron Jarmin, Acting Director
  • Enrique Lamas, Acting Deputy Director
Parent agency Department of Commerce
Website www.census.gov

The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title 13 U.S.C. § 11) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

The Census Bureau’s primary mission is conducting the U.S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U.S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population.[1] The Bureau’s various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, and businesses make informed decisions.[2][3][4] The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, hospitals, transportation infrastructure, and police and fire departments.[4]

In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U.S. Economic Census, and the Current Population Survey.[1] Furthermore, economic and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government typically contain data produced by the Census Bureau.


  • 1 Legal mandate
  • 2 Data collection

    • 2.1 Census regions and divisions
    • 2.2 Uses of census data
    • 2.3 Data stewardship
    • 2.4 Ongoing surveys
    • 2.5 Other surveys conducted
  • 3 Organizational structure
  • 4 Computer equipment
  • 5 Handheld computers (HHC)

    • 5.1 Security precautions
    • 5.2 Success and failure
  • 6 Notable alumni
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Legal mandate

Census headquarters in Suitland, Maryland

The Article One of the United States Constitution (section II) directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College. The Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term “decennial” to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population estimates and projections.[5]

In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education, transportation and more.[6] The Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, and economy. The Census Bureau’s legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.

The Census Bureau also conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, crime, health, consumer expenditures, and housing. Within the bureau, these are known as “demographic surveys” and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial (10-year) population counts. The Census Bureau also conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail, service, and other establishments and of domestic governments.

Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts.[7] The Census Act of 1840 established a central office[8] which became known as the Census Office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses, typically at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, and in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor. The department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department.[9]

An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.[10] In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census.[10] In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code.[11]

By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U.S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year.

Data collection

U.S. Census Bureau Regions and Divisions

Census regions and divisions

The United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions.[12] The Census Bureau regions are “widely used…for data collection and analysis”.[13] The Census Bureau definition is pervasive.[14][15][16]

Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau:[17]

  • Region 1: Northeast
    • Division 1: New England (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont)
    • Division 2: Mid-Atlantic (New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania)
  • Region 2: Midwest (Prior to June 1984, the Midwest Region was designated as the North Central Region.)[17]
    • Division 3: East North Central (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin)
    • Division 4: West North Central (Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota)
  • Region 3: South
    • Division 5: South Atlantic (Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Washington D.C., and West Virginia)
    • Division 6: East South Central (Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee)
    • Division 7: West South Central (Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas)
  • Region 4: West
    • Division 8: Mountain (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming)
    • Division 9: Pacific (Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington)

Uses of census data

Many federal, state, local and tribal governments use census data to:

  • Decide the location of new housing and public facilities,
  • Examine the demographic characteristics of communities, states, and the USA,
  • Plan transportation systems and roadways,
  • Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, and
  • Create localized areas for elections, schools, utilities, etc.
  • Gathers population information every 10 years

Data stewardship

The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, and guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U.S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment.

The Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government and law enforcement agencies such as the IRS or the FBI or Interpol. “Providing quality data, for public good—while respecting individual privacy and, at the same time, protecting confidentiality—is the Census Bureau’s core responsibility”, “Keeping the public’s trust is critical to the Census’s ability to carry out the mission as the leading source of quality data about the Nation’s people and economy.”[18] Only after 72 years does the information collected become available to other agencies or the general public.[19]

Despite these guarantees of confidentiality, the Census Bureau has some history of disclosures to other government agencies. In 1918, the Census Bureau released individual information regarding several hundred young men to the Justice Department and Selective Service system for the purpose of prosecutions for draft evasion.[20][21] During World War II, the United States Census Bureau assisted the government’s Japanese American internment efforts by providing confidential neighborhood information on Japanese-Americans. The Bureau’s role was denied for decades but was finally proven in 2007.[22][23]

United States census data are valuable for the country’s political parties; Democrats and Republicans are highly interested in knowing accurate number of persons in their respective districts.[24] These insights are often linked to financial and economic strategies that are central to federal, state and city investments for locations of particular populations.[25] Such apportionments are designed to distribute political power across neutral spatial allocations; however, “because so much is at stake, the census also runs the risk of being politicized.”[26]

Such political tensions highlight the complexity of identity and classification; some argue that unclear results from the population data “is due to distortions brought about by political pressures.”[27] One frequently used example includes ambiguous ethnic counts, which often involves underenumeration and/or undercounting of minority populations.[27] Ideas about race, ethnicity and identity have also evolved in the United States, and such changes warrant examination of how these shifts have impacted the accuracy of census data over time.[28]

The United States Census Bureau began pursuing technological innovations to improve the precision of its census data collection in the 1980s. Robert W. Marx, the Chief of the Geography Division of the USCB teamed up with the US Geological Survey and oversaw the creation of the Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing (TIGER) database system.[29] Census officials were able to evaluate more sophisticated and detailed results that the TIGER system produced; furthermore, TIGER data are also available to the public. And while the TIGER system does not directly amass demographic data, as a geographic information system (GIS), it can be used to merge demographics to conduct more accurate geospatial and mapping analysis.[30]

The Census Bureau distributes data it collects via censuses and surveys on its American FactFinder website.[31]

Ongoing surveys

A survey is a method of collecting and analyzing social, economic, and geographic data. It provides information about the conditions of the United States, states, and counties. Throughout the decade between censuses, the bureau conducts surveys to produce a general view and comprehensive study of the United States’ social and economic conditions.

Staff from the Current Surveys Program conduct over 130 ongoing and special surveys about people and their characteristics.[32] A network of professional field representatives gathers information from a sample of households, responding to questions about employment, consumer expenditures, health, housing, and other topics.

Surveys conducted between decades:

  • American Community Survey
  • American Housing Survey
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey
  • Census of Governments
  • Current Population Survey
  • Economic Census
  • National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS)[33]
  • National Health Interview Survey
  • National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS, 1965-2010)
  • National Hospital Care Survey (NHCS) – a new survey that integrates inpatient data formerly collected by the NHDS with the emergency department (ED), outpatient department (OPD), and ambulatory surgery center (ASC) data[34] collected by the
  • National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS)
  • National Crime Victimization Survey
  • National Nursing Home Survey[35]
  • Survey of Income and Program Participation
  • Survey of Construction[36]
  • Survey of Market Absorption[37]
  • Survey of Program Dynamics[38]
  • National Longitudinal Survey
  • National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, & Wildlife-Associated Recreation[39]
  • Residential Finance Survey[40]
  • National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol Related Conditions (NESARC)
  • Annual Retail Trade Survey[41]
  • Annual Wholesale Trade Survey[42]
  • Annual and Quarterly Services Surveys

Other surveys conducted

The Census Bureau collects information in many other surveys and provides the data to the survey sponsor for release. These sponsors include:

  • Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
  • Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
  • Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS)
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
  • National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)
  • National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)
  • National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Social Security Administration (SSA)

Organizational structure

U.S. Census Bureau Regional Office Boundaries

Since 1903, the official census-taking agency of the United States government has been the Bureau of the Census. The Census Bureau is headed by a Director, assisted by a Deputy Director and an Executive Staff composed of the associate directors.

The Census Bureau has had headquarters in Suitland, Maryland, since 1942. A new headquarters complex was completed in 2007 and supports over 4,000 employees.[43] The Bureau operates regional offices in 12 cities: Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, Detroit, Chicago, Kansas City, Seattle, Charlotte, Atlanta, Dallas, Denver, and Los Angeles. The National Processing Center is in Jeffersonville, Indiana. Additional temporary processing facilities facilitate the decennial census, which employs more than a million people. The cost of the 2000 Census was $4.5 billion. During the years just prior to the decennial census, parallel census offices, known as “Regional Census Centers” are opened in the field office cities. The decennial operations are carried out from these facilities. The Regional Census Centers oversee the openings and closings of smaller “Local Census Offices” within their collection jurisdictions. The estimated cost of the 2010 Census is $14.7 billion.

On January 1, 2013, the Census Bureau was to consolidate its 12 regional offices into 6. Increasing costs of data collection, changes in survey management tools such as laptops and the increasing use of multi-modal surveys (i.e. internet, telephone, and in-person) has led the Census Bureau to consolidate.[44] The remaining regional offices will be in: New York City, Philadelphia, Chicago, Atlanta, Denver, and Los Angeles.[45]

The Census Bureau also runs the Census Information Center cooperative program that involves 58 “national, regional, and local non-profit organizations”. The CIC program aims to represent the interests of underserved communities.[46]

Computer equipment

A card puncher, part of the tabulation system used to compile the thousands of facts gathered by the Bureau (circa 1940). Holes are punched in the card according to a prearranged code transferring the facts from the census questionnaire into statistics.

The 1890 census was the first to use the electric tabulating machines invented by Herman Hollerith.[47][48] For 1890–1940 details, see Truesdell, Leon E. (1965). The Development of Punch Card Tabulation in the Bureau of the Census, 1890-1940: With outlines of actual tabulation programs. US GPO..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em} In 1946, knowing of the Bureau’s funding of Hollerith and, later, Powers, John Mauchly approached the Bureau about early funding for UNIVAC development.[49] A UNIVAC I computer was accepted by the Bureau in 1951.[50]

Handheld computers (HHC)

Historically, the census information was gathered by census takers going door-to-door collecting information in a ledger. Beginning in 1970 information was gathered via mailed forms. To reduce paper usage, reduce payroll expense and acquire the most comprehensive list of addresses ever compiled, 500,000 handheld computers (HHCs) (specifically designed, single purpose devices) were used for the first time in 2009 during the address canvassing portion of the 2010 Decennial Census Project. Projected savings were estimated to be over $1 billion.[51][52][53]

Security precautions

The HHC was manufactured by Harris Corporation, an established Department of Defense contractor, via a controversial[54][55] contract with the Department of Commerce. Secured access via a fingerprint swipe guaranteed only the verified user could access the unit. A GPS capacity was integral to the daily address management and the transfer of gathered information. Of major importance was the security and integrity of the populace’s private information.

Success and failure

Enumerators (information gatherers) that had operational problems with the device understandably made negative reports. During the 2009 Senate confirmation hearings for Robert Groves, President Obama’s Census Director appointee, there was much mention of contracting problems but very little criticism of the units.[54] In rural areas, the sparsity of cell phone towers caused problems with data transmission to and from the HHC. Since the units were updated nightly with important changes and reprogramming, operator implementation of proper procedure was imperative. Dramatic dysfunction and delays occurred if the units were not put into sleep mode overnight.

Notable alumni

  • John Shaw Billings
  • Rattan Chand
  • James Corbett
  • W. Edwards Deming
  • Davis Rich Dewey
  • Halbert L. Dunn
  • Murray Feshbach
  • Robert Groves
  • Henry Gannett
  • Morris H. Hansen
  • Joseph Adna Hill
  • Herman Hollerith
  • Leslie Kish
  • John Wesley Langley
  • Bernard Malamud
  • Thomas Commerford Martin
  • Warren Mitofsky
  • Ivan Petrof
  • Cyrus Guernsey Pringle
  • Richard M. Scammon
  • Thelma Strabel
  • Howard Sutherland

See also

  • List of U.S. states and territories by population
  • List of metropolitan areas of the United States
  • List of United States cities by population
  • List of United States counties and county-equivalents
  • United States Office of Management and Budget

    • Primary statistical area – List of the 574 PSAs
    • Combined Statistical Area – List of the 169 CSAs
    • Core Based Statistical Area – List of the 929 CBSAs
    • Metropolitan Statistical Area – List of the 388 MSAs
    • Micropolitan Statistical Area – List of the 541 μSAs
    • United States urban area – List of United States urban areas
  • Title 13 of the United States Code
  • Title 15 of the Code of Federal Regulations
  • Director of the United States Census Bureau
  • Data.gov
  • USAFacts


  1. ^ ab USCB DOC-D1026 QVC Manual 01/03/09
  2. ^ “U.S. Census Bureau Strategic Plan FY 2013 – 2017” (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2013.
  3. ^ “BNL Consulting”. bnlconsulting.com. Retrieved 2017-01-20.
  4. ^ ab “Analysis | The U.S. census is in trouble. This is why it’s crucial to what the nation knows about itself”. Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
  5. ^ “Census Population Estimates”. U.S. Bureau of the Census. Archived from the original on December 6, 2006.
  6. ^ “U.S. Census Frequently Asked Questions” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 23, 2017. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  7. ^ History 1790 Archived October 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. US Census Bureau.
  8. ^ History 1840 Archived March 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. US Census Bureau.
  9. ^ History: 1900 Overview. US Census Bureau.
  10. ^ ab History 1920 Archived March 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. US Census Bureau.
  11. ^ History 1954 Archived July 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. US Census Bureau.
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau, Geography Division. “Census Regions and Divisions of the United States” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on January 7, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
  13. ^ “The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview 2003” (Report #:DOE/EIA-0581, October 2009). United States Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration.
  14. ^ “The most widely used regional definitions follow those of the U.S. Bureau of the Census.” Seymour Sudman and Norman M. Bradburn, Asking Questions: A Practical Guide to Questionnaire Design (1982). Jossey-Bass: p. 205.
  15. ^ “Perhaps the most widely used regional classification system is one developed by the U.S. Census Bureau.” Dale M. Lewison, Retailing, Prentice Hall (1997): p. 384.
    ISBN 978-0-13-461427-4
  16. ^ “(M)ost demographic and food consumption data are presented in this four-region format.” Pamela Goyan Kittler, Kathryn P. Sucher, Food and Culture, Cengage Learning (2008): p.475.
    ISBN 9780495115410
  17. ^ ab “Census Bureau Regions and Divisions with State FIPS Codes” (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
  18. ^ Census Employee Handbook (PDF), April 2009, archived from the original (PDF) on January 17, 2012
  19. ^ “72-Year Rule”. www.census.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  20. ^ The Myth of Census Confidentiality, 8 (2), Amerasia Journal, UCLA Asian American Studies Center Press, Fall–Winter 1981, pp. 111–120, ISSN 0044-7471, archived from the original on 2012-07-01
  21. ^ David Kopel (May 4, 1990), Census Confidentiality? The Check’s is in the Mail, Cato Institute
  22. ^ JR Minkel (March 30, 2007), Confirmed: The U.S. Census Bureau Gave Up Names of Japanese-Americans in WW II, Scientific American
  23. ^ Haya El Nasser (March 30, 2007), Papers show Census role in WWII camps, USA Today
  24. ^ Nobles, Melissa (2000). Shades of Citizenship: Race and the Census in Modern Politics. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. p. ix. ISBN 9780804740135.
  25. ^ Breiman, Leo (1994). “The 1991 Census Adjustment: Undercount or Bad Data?”. Statist. Sci. 9 (4): 458–475. doi:10.1214/ss/1177010259. Retrieved November 17, 2017.
  26. ^ Anderson, Margo; Fienberg, Stephen (1999). Who Counts?: The Politics of Census-Taking in Contemporary America. Russell Sage Foundation. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-61044-005-9. JSTOR 10.7758/9781610440059.
  27. ^ ab Petersen, William (1987). “Politics and the Measurement of Ethnicity”. In Alonso, William; Starr, Paul. The Politics of Numbers. Russell Sage Foundation. pp. 187–234. ISBN 978-1-61044-002-8.
  28. ^ Ahmad, Farah; Hagler, Jamal (February 6, 2015). “Government collection of race and ethnicity data”. Center for American Progress. Center for American Progress. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  29. ^ “Robert W. Marx”. American Association of Geographers Newsletter. Vol. 45 no. 3. p. 14.
  30. ^ Ostenso, John (1991). “The Statistics Corner: More New Products from the Census Bureau”. Business Economics. 26 (4): 62–64. JSTOR 23485837.
  31. ^ Harper, Beth (March 24, 2010). “American FactFinder Guide”. University of Wisconsin–Madison. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
  32. ^ “List of All Surveys”. Census.gov. Retrieved April 4, 2015.
  33. ^ “NAMCS/NHAMCS – Ambulatory Health Care Data Homepage”. www.cdc.gov. August 20, 2018.
  34. ^ “NHDS – National Hospital Discharge Survey Homepage”. www.cdc.gov. January 10, 2018.
  35. ^ “NNHS – National Nursing Home Survey Homepage”. www.cdc.gov. September 12, 2018.
  36. ^ Directorate, US Census Bureau Economic. “US Census Bureau Business and Industry Main Page”. www.census.gov.
  37. ^ “Survey of Market Absorption of Apartments – Overview”. www.census.gov.
  38. ^ Bureau, US Census. “Survey of Program Dynamics”. www.census.gov.
  39. ^ www.census.gov/programs-surveys/fhwar.html (2016, 2011, 2006, 2001, 1996, 1991)
  40. ^ Bureau, US Census. “Residential Finance Survey (RFS)”. www.census.gov.
  41. ^ here, US Census Bureau Creating office name. “US Census Bureau Site Name main page”. www.census.gov.
  42. ^ Bureau, US Census. “Annual Wholesale Trade Survey (AWTS)”. www.census.gov.
  43. ^ Census.gov Archived January 9, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
  44. ^ “A Restructuring of Census Bureau Regional Offices”. U.S. Bureau of the Census. Archived from the original on June 11, 2012. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
  45. ^ “Census Bureau Regional Office Boundaries” (PDF). U.S. Bureau of the Census. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
  46. ^ “Census Information Centers”. U.S. Bureau of the Census. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. Retrieved May 13, 2008.
  47. ^ Herman Hollerith Archived July 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  48. ^ History 1890 Archived May 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. US Census Bureau.
  49. ^ Stern, Nancy (1981). From ENIAC to UNIVAC: An appraisal of the Eckert-Mauchly Computers. Digital Press. ISBN 0-932376-14-2.
  50. ^ Bashe, Charles J.; et. al (1986). IBM’s Early Computers. MIT. ISBN 0-262-02225-7.
  51. ^ Govcomm.harris.com Archived April 29, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  52. ^ Weinberg, Daniel. “Management challenges of the 2010 U.S. Census” (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  53. ^ House Committee on Oversight and Reform, Subcommittee on Information Policy, Census and National Archives, “Chairman Clay Pleased With Census Address Canvassing Progress”. June 08, 2009. Dead link fixed via Internet Archive. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  54. ^ ab Wade-Hahn ChanMar 28, 2008 (2008-03-28). “Have feds cheapened contract bonuses?”. FCW. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
  55. ^ “Census getting back on course, lawmakers told – Oversight”. GovExec.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09.

External links

  • United States Census Bureau
  • Census Bureau in the Federal Register
  • USCB population estimates
  • USCB History
  • U.S. and World Population Clocks – POPClocks
  • Geographic Areas Reference Manual
  • Works by United States Census Bureau at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about United States Census Bureau at Internet Archive
  • Works by United States Census Bureau at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
72-year rule
  • PDF of Availability of Census Records About Individuals
  • PDF of Letter from Census Bureau Director, Roy V. Peel to Archivist of the United States, Wayne C. Grover, concerning the 72-year lapse between collection and release of decennial census records
  • PDF of Letter from Archivist of the United States, Wayne C. Grover to Census Bureau Director Roy V. Peel, in reply to Peel’s August 1952 letter

Federal Statistical Office of Germany

Building of the Federal Statistical Office in Wiesbaden

Federal Statistical Office
Statistisches Bundesamt
Logo Destatis.svg
Agency overview
Formed 3 July 1953 (65 years ago) (1953-07-03)
Jurisdiction Government of Germany
Headquarters Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 11, D-65189 Wiesbaden, Germany
50°04′16″N 8°15′08″E / 50.07111°N 8.25222°E / 50.07111; 8.25222
Employees 2780
Minister responsible
  • Horst Seehofer, German Interior Minister
Agency executive
  • Dr. Georg Thiel, Bureau president
Parent agency Federal Ministry of the Interior
Website www.destatis.de

The Federal Statistical Office (German: Statistisches Bundesamt, shortened Destatis) is a federal authority of Germany. It reports to the Federal Ministry of the Interior.

The Office is responsible for collecting, processing, presenting and analysing statistical information concerning the topics economy, society and environment. The purpose is providing objective, independent and highly qualitative statistical information for the whole public.
About 2780 staff members are employed in the departments in Wiesbaden, Bonn and Berlin.

The department in Wiesbaden is the main office and runs the largest library specialised in statistical literature in Germany. It is also the Office of the President who is also by tradition, but not by virtue of the office, the Federal Returning Officer. In this position he or she is the supervisor of the elections of the German Parliament (“Bundestag”) and of the European Parliament.

The Berlin Information Point is the service centre of the Federal Office in the German capital and provides information and advisory services for the German Government, other federal authorities, embassies, industry and public, associations and all those who are interested in official statistics in Berlin and Brandenburg.

See also

  • Census in Germany
  • List of statistical offices in Germany

External links

  • Official website of the Federal Statistical Office of Germany

Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain)

National Statistics Institute
Instituto Nacional de Estadística
Instituto Nacionalde Estadística (Spain) logo.svg
Edificio del I.N.E. (Madrid) 01.jpg
INE headquarters, Madrid.
Agency overview
Formed November 3, 1856
(162 years ago)
Preceding agencies
  • Junta de Estadística
  • Instituto Geográfico y Estadístico
Jurisdiction Government of Spain
Headquarters Paseo de la Castellana, 183
Agency executive
  • Gregorio Izquierdo Llanes, President
Website www.ine.es

The National Statistics Institute (Spanish: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, INE) is the official agency in Spain that collects statistics about demography, economy, and Spanish society. It is an autonomous organization in Spain responsible for overall coordination of statistical services of the General State Administration in monitoring, control and supervision of technical procedures. Every 10 years, this organisation conducts a national census. The last census took place in 2011.

Through the official website you can follow all the updates of different fields of study.


  • 1 History

    • 1.1 First agency and evolution
    • 1.2 National Statistics Institute
  • 2 References
  • 3 External links


First agency and evolution

The oldest statistics agency of Spain and the predecessor of the current agency was the General Statistics Commission of the Kingdom, created on November 3, 1856 during the reign of Isabella II.[1] The so-then Prime Minister Narváez approved a decree creating this body and ordering that people with recognized ability in this matter were part of it.

On May 1, 1861, the Commission change its name to General Statistics Board and their first work was to do a population census.[2]

By a decree of September 12, 1870, Prime Minister Serrano created the Geographic Institute and in 1873 this Institute change its name to Geographic and Statistic Institute assuming the competences of the General Statistics Board. In 1890, the titularity of the agency was transferred from the Prime Minister’s Office to the Ministry of Development.

Between 1921 and 1939, change its name many times. In the same way, the agency was transferred from a ministry to another, passing through the Deputy Prime Minister’s Office, the Ministry of the Presidency and the Ministry of Labour.

National Statistics Institute

The National Statistics Institute was created following the Law of December 31, 1945, published in the BOE of January 3, 1946, with a mission to develop and refine the demographic, economic and social statistics already existing, creating new statistics and coordination with the statistical offices of provincial and municipal areas.

At the end of 1964 the first computer was installed at the INE. It was a first-generation IBM 1401, for which a team was formed consisting of four statistics faculty and ten technicians. In the four years following it was possible that said computer would operate at its full capacity.


  1. ^ “Royal decree creating a commission that deals with the formation of the general statistics of the kingdom, embracing all branches of the public administration of the State” (PDF). 1856..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ “Royal decree reorganizing the General Statistics Commission of the Kingdom” (PDF). 1861.

External links

  • INE Website

Statistics Sweden

Statistics Sweden
Statistiska centralbyrån
SCB Örebro.JPG
The office in Örebro
Agency overview
Formed 1858
Headquarters Stockholm
Employees 1,350 (2015)[1]
Agency executive
  • Joakim Stymne, director-general
Parent department Ministry of Finance
Website www.scb.se/en

Statistics Sweden (Swedish: Statistiska centralbyrån, [1]SCB) is the Swedish government agency responsible for producing official statistics regarding Sweden. National statistics in Sweden date back to 1686 when the parishes of the Church of Sweden were ordered to start keeping records on the population. SCB’s predecessor, the Tabellverket (“office of tables”), was set up in 1749, and the current name was adopted in 1858.

As of 2015[update], the agency had approximately 1,350 employees. The offices of the agency are located in Stockholm and Örebro.[1] Statistics Sweden publishes the Journal of Official Statistics.

See also

  • Demographics of Sweden
  • Eurostat
  • Government agencies in Sweden
  • List of national and international statistical services


  1. ^ ab http://www.scb.se/en/About-us/

External links

  • Official website